year 3, Issue 11 (9-2004)                   J. Med. Plants 2004, 3(11): 68-72 | Back to browse issues page

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Jamshidi A, Shams Ardakani M, Hadjiakhondi A, Abdi K. The influence of distillation conditions on the essential oil composition of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.). J. Med. Plants. 2004; 3 (11) :68-72
1- Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran ,
2- Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (5019 Views)
So many articles on fennel (Foeniculum Valgare Mill.) essential oil constituents have been published. The goal of this article is influnce of preparations of essential oil on quality and quantity of the essence. We prepared the essences by two methods (hydrodistillation and steam distillation). Hydrodistillation were conducted in four different process time (15, 30, 60 and 150 minutes) and the latter conducted at 150 minutes. The oils were analysed by GC and GC/MS. 37 major compounds were detected in the oild totally 91.37 to 97.57% of the essences were consisted of these compoundes. E Anethole, Estragole and D-(+)- Fenchone were the most frequent compounds. The highest percent of anethole was at 30 minute.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Pharmacognosy & Pharmaceutics
Received: 2004/04/7 | Accepted: 2004/08/22 | Published: 2004/09/18

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