Volume 7 - Supplement 4                   J. Med. Plants 2008, 7 - Supplement 4: 69-76 | Back to browse issues page

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Hasanloo T, Bahmanei M, Sepehrifar R, Kalantari F. Determination of Tocopherols and Fatty Acids in Seeds of Silybum marianum (L.) Gaerth. J. Med. Plants 2008; 7 (S4) :69-76
URL: http://jmp.ir/article-1-568-en.html
1- Agricultural Biotechnology Research Institute of Iran (ABRII), Mahdasht Road, Karaj , thasanloo@yahoo.com
2- R&D labs, Savola Behshahr Ind. Co., 8 th. Km. Fath Highway, Tehran
3- Department of Physiology and Proteomics, Agricultural Biotechnology Research Institute of Iran (ABRII), Mahdasht Road, Karaj
Abstract:   (5263 Views)

Background: The dried fruits of Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn (Compositae) contain silymarin, an isomeric mixture of flavonolignans. Silymarin acts as a strong anti -hepatotoxic. This fruits contains a high amount of oil .

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine total lipid content, fatty acid composition and content of different kind of tocopherols in seed oils of S. marianum.

Method: Fatty acid compositon and a -, γ- and δ-tocopherol (vitamin E) content from seeds of Silybum maianum were investigated by gas chromatography and high performance liquid chromatography methods.

Results and Conclusion: Total lipid percentage was approximately 25% and nine fatty acids including palmitic acid (8.25 %), palmeotic acid (0.07 %), Stearic acid (6.67 %), oleic acid (31.58 %), Isomer oleic acid (0.53 %), linoleic acid (45.36 %), linolenic acid (0.87 %), arashidic acid (4.11 %), eicozantoic acid (0.088 %) and behenic acid (2.6 %) were determined. a -, γ- and δ -tocopherol content were around 563.157, 88.87 and 163.791 mg Kg -1 DW respectively that could be a natural good sources of antioxidant.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Pharmacognosy & Pharmaceutics
Received: 2008/01/10 | Accepted: 2008/02/12 | Published: 2008/03/19

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