year 21, Issue 81 (3-2022)                   J. Med. Plants 2022, 21(81): 79-91 | Back to browse issues page

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Mirjalili M H, Esmaeili H. Callus induction and withanolides production through cell suspension culture of Withania coagulans (Stocks) Dunal. J. Med. Plants 2022; 21 (81) :79-91
1- Department of Agriculture, Medicinal Plants and Drugs Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, 1983969411, Tehran, Iran ,
2- Department of Agriculture, Medicinal Plants and Drugs Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, 1983969411, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (2428 Views)
Background: Withania coagulans (Stocks) Dunal is a well-known medicinal plant due to its many healing properties. Objective: The aim of the present study was to induce friable callus and subsequently establish the plant cell suspension cultures for the production of two important withanolides i.e. withaferin A (WFA) and withanolide A (WNA). Methods: In vitro callus induction was carried out from young leaf and internodal explants cultured on MS medium fortified with various concentrations (0, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0 and 2.5 mg/L) of auxins (2,4-D, NAA, and IAA) solely or in combination with BAP (0., 0.5 and 1.0 mg/L) in a factorial experiment based on a completely randomized design with five replications. The plant cell culture was then established for the production of both withanolides. Results: The percentage of callogenesis from the leaf (25.0-96.0 %) was higher than internodal explants (23.2-85.4 %). The high percentage of friable calli was achieved from leaf explants cultured on MS medium fortified with 2.5 mg/L 2,4-D + 0.5 mg/L BAP. Cell suspension culture was established from derived friable callus cultured on MS medium supplemented with 1.5 mg/L IAA + 0.5 mg/L BAP. The highest accumulation of biomass (172 g/L fresh weight and 15 g/L dry weight) and the production of both withanolides were observed in the fourth week of the culture period. The plant cells produced 0.08 and 21 µg/L WFA and WNA at this time, respectively. Conclusion: These results can be used for future research on biosynthesis pathways of withanolides as well as their production in bioreactors.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Medicinal Plants
Received: 2021/12/22 | Accepted: 2022/02/19 | Published: 2022/03/1

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