year 20, Issue 79 (8-2021)                   J. Med. Plants 2021, 20(79): 47-58 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Motiee M, Abdoli M. Changes in essential oil composition of peppermint (Mentha x piperita L.) affected by yeast extract and salicylic acid foliar application. J. Med. Plants 2021; 20 (79) :47-58
1- Department of Plant Production and Genetics, Faculty of Agriculture, Malayer University, Malayer, Iran
2- Department of Plant Production and Genetics, Faculty of Agriculture, Malayer University, Malayer, Iran ,
Abstract:   (1254 Views)
Background: Peppermint (Mentha x piperita L.) is one of the most important medicinal plants which used in food, pharmaceutical, perfumery, and flavoring industry. Objective: This study was planned to investigate the effects of foliar application of salicylic acid and yeast extract on production of valuable essential oil components in peppermint. Methods: A completely randomized design experiment with nine treatments consisting salicylic acid (40, 80, 160 and 320 mg/l), yeast extract (0.25, 0.75, 1 and 1.5 g/l) and distilled water (control) with three replications was carried out under greenhouse conditions. Results: In total, forty compounds were identified in the essential oils of the plant aerial parts. Menthone, menthol, piperitone, isopulegol and
γ-terpinene were the major compounds of the oils studied. Menthone and menthol were 16.69 % and 14.39 % of the essential oils, respectively. Salicylic acid and yeast extract were increased menthone, neomenthol, piperitone, γ-terpinene and isomenthol acetate production 42, 60, 39, 59 and 34 % higher than control plants, respectively. Foliar application with 320 mg/l salicylic acid gave the best result in the enhancement of the major essential oil components of treated plants. The results of correlation between essential oil constituents showed that the neomenthol content had a significant positive correlation with menthone (r = 0.865**), γ-terpinene (r = 0.848**) and negative correlation with isopulegol (r = -0.886**). Conclusion: The quality of essential oil of M. piperita were influenced by the foliar application of salicylic acid and yeast extract at the appropriate concentrations. Elicitation by 320 mg/l salicylic acid was the optimum treatment for menthone, neomenthol, γ-terpinene and piperitone production.
Full-Text [PDF 742 kb]   (670 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Medicinal Plants
Received: 2021/05/22 | Accepted: 2021/08/10 | Published: 2021/09/1

1. Deepthi S and Satheeshkumar K. Enhanced camptothecin production induced by elicitors in the cell suspension cultures of Ophiorrhiza mungos Linn. Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult. 2016; 124: 483-493. [DOI:10.1007/s11240-015-0908-y]
2. Edris AE. Pharmaceutical and therapeutic potentials of essential oils and their individual volatile constituents: a review. Phytother. Res. 2007; 21 (4): 308-323. [DOI:10.1002/ptr.2072]
3. Mahendran G and Rahman LU. Ethnomedicinal, phytochemical and pharmacological updates on peppermint (Mentha piperita L.) A review. Phytother. Res. 2020; 1-52. [DOI:10.1002/ptr.6664]
4. Rita P and Animesh DK. An updated overview on peppermint (Mentha piperita L.). Int. Res. J. Pharm. 2011; 2: 1-10.
5. Brahmi F, Khodir M, Mohamed C and Pierre D. Chemical Composition and Biological Activities of Mentha species. In: El-Shemy HA. Aromatic and Medicinal Plants - Back to Nature. Rijeka: IntechOpen; 2017: 47-80.
6. Sahib N, Anwar F, Gilani AH, Hamid AA, Saari N and Alkharfy KM. Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.): a potential source of high‐value components for functional foods and nutraceuticals - a review. Phytother. Res. 2013; 27 (10): 1439-1456. [DOI:10.1002/ptr.4897]
7. Ahmadi S, Yadegari M and Hamedi B. Foliar application effects of salicylic acid and indole acetic acid on the essential oil composition of Mentha piperita L. and Melissa officinalis L. J. Plant Proc. Func. 2018; 7 (26): 251-262. [In Persian].
8. Golparvar AR and Hadipanah A. Chemical compositions of the essential oil from peppermint (Mentha piperita L.) cultivated in Isfahan conditions. J. Herb. Drug. 2013; 4 (2): 75-80.
9. Taherpour AA, Khaef S, Yari A, Nikeafshar S, Fathi M and Ghambari S. Chemical composition analysis of the essential oil of Mentha piperita L. from Kermanshah, Iran by hydrodistillation and HS/SPME methods. J. Anal. Sci. Technol. 2017; 8: 11. [DOI:10.1186/s40543-017-0122-0]
10. Soltani F, Sharifi M, Khajeh K and Yousefzadi M. Study of essential oil composition, menthone reductase activity and antimicrobial activity of Mentha piperita in two stages of growth. Iranian Journal of Biology 2009; 22 (1): 62-70. [In Persian].
11. Seif Sahandi M, Naghdi-Badi H, Mehrafarin A, Khalighi-Sigaroodi F and Sharifi M. Changes in essential oil content and composition of peppermint (Mentha piperita L.) in responses to nitrogen application. J. Med. Plants 2019; 18 (72): 81-97. [In Persian]. [DOI:10.29252/jmp.4.72.81]
12. Kamatou GPP, Vermaak I, Viljoen AM and Lawrence BM. Menthol: A simple monoterpene with remarkable biological properties. Phytochemistry 2013; 96: 15-25. [DOI:10.1016/j.phytochem.2013.08.005]
13. Kuzel S, Vydra J, Triska J, Vrchotova N, Hruby M and Cigler P. Elicitation of pharmacologically active substances in an intact medical plant. J. Agric. Food Chem. 2009; 57: 7907-7911. [DOI:10.1021/jf9011246]
14. Abbasi BH, Saxena PK, Murch SJ and Liu CZ. Echinacea biotechnology: challenges and opportunities. In Vitro Cell Dev. Biol.-Plant. 2007; 43: 481-492. [DOI:10.1007/s11627-007-9057-2]
15. Isah T, Umar S, Mujib A, Sharma MP, Rajasekharan PE, Zafar N and Frukh A. Secondary metabolism of pharmaceuticals in the plant in vitro cultures: strategies, approaches, and limitations to achieving higher yield. Plant Cell, Tissue Organ Cult. 2018; 132: 239-265. [DOI:10.1007/s11240-017-1332-2]
16. Gorelick J and Bernstein N. Chemical and physical elicitation for enhanced cannabinoid production in cannabis (Cannabis sativa L.). Botany and Biotechnology, Chandra S, Lata H and ElSohly MA. Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham. Switzerland, 2017, pp: 439-456. [DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-54564-6_21]
17. Szepesi A, Poor P, Gemes K, Horvath E and Tari I. Influence of exogenous salicylic acid on antioxidant enzyme activities in the roots of salt stressed tomato plants. Acta Biol. Szeged. 2008; 52 (1): 199-200.
18. Ghasemi Pirbalouti A, Nekoei M, Rahimmalek M and Malekpoor F. Chemical composition and yield of essential oil from lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.) under foliar applications of jasmonic and salicylic acids. Biocatal. Agric. Biotechnol. 2019; [DOI:10.1016/j.bcab.2019.101144]
19. Saharkhiz MJ and Goudarzi T. Foliar application of salicylic acid changes essential oil content and chemical compositions of peppermint (Mentha piperita L.). J. Essent. Oil-Bear. Plants 2014; 17 (3): 435-440. [DOI:10.1080/0972060X.2014.892839]
20. Mehrpooya Zh, Abdoli M and Talebian MA. Effect of salicylic acid and yeast extract on caffeic acid derivatives production in Echinacea purpurea L. J. Med. Plants 2021; 20 (78): 36-47. [DOI:10.52547/jmp.20.78.36]
21. Loc NH, Anh NHT, Khuyen LTM and An TNT. Effects of yeast extract and methyl jasmonate on the enhancement of solasodine biosynthesis in cell cultures of Solanum hainanense Hance. J. BioSci. Biotechnol. 2014; 3: 1-6.
22. Kochan E, Szymczyk P, Kuźma Ł, Lipert A and Szymańska G. Yeast extract stimulates ginsenoside production in hairy root cultures of American ginseng cultivated in shake flasks and nutrient sprinkle bioreactors. Molecules 2017; 22 (6): 880. [DOI:10.3390/molecules22060880]
23. Adams RP. Identification of essential oil components by gas chromatography/ mass spectrometry. Carol Stream, IL: Allured Publishing Corporation; 2007: 456.
24. Argyropoulou C, Deferera D, Tarantilis PA, Fasseas C and Polissiou M. Chemical composition of the essential oil from leaves of Lippia citriodora H.B.K. (Verbenaceae) at two developmental stages. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 2007; 35(12): 831-837. [DOI:10.1016/j.bse.2007.07.001]
25. Santos-Gomes PC and Fernandes-Ferreira M. Organ and season dependent variation in the essential oil composition of Salvia officinalis L. cultivated at two different sites. J. Agric. Food Chem. 2001; 49 (6): 2908-2916. [DOI:10.1021/jf001102b]
26. Rios-Estepa R, Turner GW, Lee JM, Croteau RB and Lange BM. A systems biology approach identifies the biochemical mechanisms regulating monoterpenoid essential oil composition in peppermint. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 2008; 105 (8): 2818-2823. [DOI:10.1073/pnas.0712314105]
27. Baenas N, Garcia-Viguera C and Moreno DA. Elicitation: A tool for enriching the bioactive composition of foods. Molecules 2014; 19(9): 13541-13563. [DOI:10.3390/molecules190913541]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Medicinal Plants

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb