year 9, Issue 35 (9-2010)                   J. Med. Plants 2010, 9(35): 99-105 | Back to browse issues page

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Khosrokhavar R, Ahmadiani A, Shamsa F. Antihistaminic and Anticholinergic Activity of Methanolic Extract of Barberry Fruit (Berberis vulgaris) in the Guinea- Pig Ileum. J. Med. Plants 2010; 9 (35) :99-105
1- Food and Drug Laboratory Research Center and Food and Drug Control Laboratories, MOH& ME ,
2- Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, the Medical Sciences University of Shaheed Beheshti
3- Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, the Medical Sciences University of Tehran
Abstract:   (4637 Views)
Background: Barberry (Berberris vulgaris) is a well known medicinal plant in Iran and has also been used as food. Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate antihistaminic and anticholinergic activity of methanolic extract of barberry fruit. Methods: Methanolic extract was prepared and pharmacologically studied on isolated guinea- pig ileum, dose- response curves of histamine and acetylcholine with and without methanolic extract were plotted. Results: The pA2 values for antihistaminic activity of methanolic extract and dexchlorpheniramine were calculated (extract pA2± S.E.M = 3.53 ± 0.16 [-logC(g/l)] dexchlorpheniramine pA2 ± S.E.M.= 9.36 ± 0.14 ([-logC (M)]) and compared with each other. The pA2 values of anticholinergic activity of methanolic extract and atropine were also calculated (extract pA2± S.E.M = 4.18 ± 0.17 [-logC(g/)] atropine, PA2 +S.E.M = 8.99 ± 0.13 [-logC(M)]) and compared. Conclusion: The results indicated antihistaminic and anticholinergic activity of methanolic extract.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Pharmacology & Toxicology
Received: 2010/06/22 | Accepted: 2010/08/31 | Published: 2010/10/29

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