year 9, Issue 35 (9-2010)                   J. Med. Plants 2010, 9(35): 1-18 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mehrafarin A, Qaderi A, Rezazadeh S, Naghdi Badi H, Noormohammadi G, Zand E. Bioengineering of Important Secondary Metabolites and Metabolic Pathways in Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.). J. Med. Plants. 2010; 9 (35) :1-18
URL: http://jmp.ir/article-1-262-en.html
1- Department of Cultivation and Development, Institute of Medicinal Plants, ACECR , Mehrafarinali@hotmail.com
2- Department of Plant Biotechnology, Institute of Medicinal Plants, ACECR
3- Department of Pharmacognosy and Pharmaceutics, Institute of Medicinal Plants, ACECR
4- Department of Cultivation and Development, Institute of Medicinal Plants, ACECR
5- Department of Agronomy, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University (IAU)
6- Department of Weed Research, Iranian Plant Protection Research Institute
Abstract:   (5428 Views)
Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) has a long and respected history of medicinal uses in Middle East and Persian medicine. The hypocholesterolaemic and hypoglycaemic effects of fenugreek were attributed to its major steroidal sapogenin, diosgenin and its major alkaloid, trigonelline. The knowledge of diosgenin and trigonelline biosynthesis is derived from studies of cholesterol and nicotinic acid production through acetyl-CoA→ mevalonate→ isopentenyl pyrophosphate→ squalene→ lanosterol→ cholesterol→ diosgenin and quinolinic acid→ nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide→ nicotinamide→ nicotinic acid→ trigonelline pathways, respectively. This paper reviews the secondary metabolites and metabolic pathways of diosgenin and trigonelline production in fenugreek as a medicinal plant and economical crop.
Full-Text [PDF 433 kb]   (2989 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Agriculture & Ethnobotany
Received: 2010/07/2 | Accepted: 2010/09/4 | Published: 2010/10/29

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2021 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Medicinal Plants

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb