year 19, Issue 74 (6-2020)                   J. Med. Plants 2020, 19(74): 295-309 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Hasanshahi S, Parvizi M M, Bahreini M, Pouladi S, Mirzaei K. Investigating the effect of the aroma inhalation of orange and lavender essential oils in comparison with placebo on the level of anxiety in clients in a dental clinic in Shiraz: a double-blind controlled randomized clinical trial. J. Med. Plants 2020; 19 (74) :295-309
1- School of Nursing and Midwifery, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
2- Molecular Dermatology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
3- School of Nursing and Midwifery, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran ,
4- School of Medicine, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
Abstract:   (3131 Views)
Background: Attending a dentist and placing on the unit can cause anxiety. Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of the aroma inhalation of orange and lavender essential oils in comparison with placebo on the level of anxiety in clients in a dental clinic in Shiraz. Methods: This randomized double-blind clinical trial was performed on 120 patients referred to a Dental Clinic. The patients were divided into three groups of anxiety treatments with scent of lavender, orange and sesame (as control). The Spielberger questionnaire was used to measure the anxiety of the patients before and after the study. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 22. The level of significance was considered as 5%. Results: Overall, there is no difference in the state scores of anxiety before and after the interventions. In the sesame group (t-test (-0.068) and the significant level (0.501), in the orange group (t (0.465) and significant level (0.645), in the lavender group (t (0.321) and significant level (0.750). However, a statistically significant difference was observed between the levels of state and trait anxiety after the interventions in all three groups. Conclusion: Although, based on the present study, the use of orange and lavender extracts had partially reduced the levels of state and trait of anxiety in dental clients, more clinical studies are recommended.
Full-Text [PDF 606 kb]   (1351 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Short Communication |
Received: 2018/04/29 | Accepted: 2019/05/28 | Published: 2020/07/21

1. Sodack B and Sadock V. Comprehensive text book of psychiatry: Baltimore. Williams & Wilkins, 2003, pp: 477-82.
2. Fortinash KM and Worret PAH. Psychiatric Nursing Care Plans-E-Book: Elsevier Health Sciences, 2006.
3. Gelder M, Juan J and Nancy A. New Oxford textbook of psychiatry, Vol 1 & 2: Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.
4. Dionne RA, Yagiela JA, Moore PA, Gonty A, Zuniga J, Beirne OR and et al. Comparing efficacy and safety of four intravenous sedation regimens in dental outpatients. JADA. 2001; 132 (6): 740-51. [DOI:10.14219/jada.archive.2001.0271]
5. Frere CL, CROUT R, YORTY J and McNEIL DW. Effects of audiovisual distraction during dental prophylaxis. JADA. 2001; 132 (7): 1031-8. [DOI:10.14219/jada.archive.2001.0309]
6. Berggren U and Carlsson SG. Psychometric measures of dental fear. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology. 1984; 12 (5): 319-24. [DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0528.1984.tb01463.x]
7. Cohen LA, Snyder TL and LaBelle AD. Correlates of dental anxiety in a university population. JPHD. 1982; 42 (3): 228-35. [DOI:10.1111/j.1752-7325.1982.tb02639.x]
8. Bracha S, Vega E and Vega C. Posttraumatic Dental-Care Anxiety: Is" dental phobia" a misnomer? Hawaii Dental J. 2006; 37 (5): 17-9.
9. Francis R and Stanley G. Estimating the prevalence of dental phobias. Australian Dental J. 1990; 35 (5): 449-53. [DOI:10.1111/j.1834-7819.1990.tb05428.x]
10. Doebling S and Rowe M. Negative perceptions of dental stimuli and their effects on dental fear. JDH. 2000; 74 (2): 110-6.
11. Anderson JW. Fear in the dental chair. Oral Health. 1997; 87 (2): 9-14.
12. Udoye CI, Oginni AO and Oginni FO. Dental anxiety among patients undergoing various dental treatments in a Nigerian teaching hospital. JCDP. 2005; 6 (2): 91-8. [DOI:10.5005/jcdp-6-2-91]
13. Al-Madi EM and AbdelLatif H. Assessment of dental fear and anxiety among adolescent females in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Saudi Dent. J. 2002; 14 (2): 77-81.
14. Assari S and Lankarani MM. Chronic medical conditions and negative affect; racial variation in reciprocal associations over time. Frontiers in Psychiatry 2016; 7: 140. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyt.2016.00140]
15. Morton PG, Fontaine D, Hudak C and Gallo B. Critical care nursing: a holistic approach: LWW; 2005.
16. Price L and Price S. Aromatherapy for Health Professionals Elsevier Health Sciences, 2011.
17. Buckle J. Clinical Aromatherapy-E-Book: Essential Oils in Practice: Elsevier Health Sciences, 2014. [DOI:10.1016/B978-0-7020-5440-2.00002-4]
18. Gattefossé R. Aromatherapy. London: CW Daniel Co Ltd, 1993.
19. Hur MH, Lee MS, Kim C and Ernst E. Aromatherapy for treatment of hypertension: a systematic review. J. Evaluation in Clinical Practice. 2012; 18 (1): 37-41. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2753.2010.01521.x]
20. Parvizi MM, Nimrouzi M, Lankarani KB, Morteza S, Alorizi E and Hajimonfarednejad M. Health recommendations for the elderly in the viewpoint of traditional Persian medicine. Health. 2017; 18: 9. [DOI:10.5812/semj.14201]
21. Cavanagh H, Wilkinson J. Biological activities of lavender essential oil. Phytotherapy Research. 2002; 16 (4): 301-8. [DOI:10.1002/ptr.1103]
22. Elisabetsky E, Marschner J and Souza DO. Effects of linalool on glutamatergic system in the rat cerebral cortex. Neurochemical Res. 1995; 20 (4): 461-5. [DOI:10.1007/BF00973103]
23. Abuhamdah S and Chazot PL. Lemon Balm and Lavender herbal essential oils: Old and new ways to treat emotional disorders? Current Anaesthesia & Critical Care 2008; 19 (4): 221-6. [DOI:10.1016/j.cacc.2008.05.005]
24. Lehrner J, Eckersberger C, Walla P, Pötsch G and Deecke L. Ambient odor of orange in a dental office reduces anxiety and improves mood in female patients. Physiology & Behavior. 2000; 71 (1 - 2): 83-6. [DOI:10.1016/S0031-9384(00)00308-5]
25. Talaee G. Lavender essential effect on labor pain in women admitted to hospitals in Isfahan Sgryh. Tehran: School of Nursing and Midwifery, martyr Beheshti University of Medical Sciences; 2011.
26. Hadi N and Hanid AA. Lavender essence for post-cesarean pain. PJBS. 2011; 14 (11): 664. [DOI:10.3923/pjbs.2011.664.667]
27. Kim JT, Ren CJ, Fielding GA, Pitti A, Kasumi T, Wajda M and et al. Treatment with lavender aromatherapy in the post-anesthesia care unit reduces opioid requirements of morbidly obese patients undergoing laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding. Obesity Surgery 2007; 17 (7): 920-5. [DOI:10.1007/s11695-007-9170-7]
28. Parvizi MM, Handjani F, Moein M, Hatam G, Nimrouzi M, Hassanzadeh J and et al. Efficacy of cryotherapy plus topical Juniperus excelsa M. Bieb cream versus cryotherapy plus placebo in the treatment of Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis: A triple-blind randomized controlled clinical trial. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases 2017; 11 (10): e0005957. [DOI:10.1371/journal.pntd.0005957]
29. Fattahi MR, Alorizi SME, Nimrouzi M, Zarshenas MM and Parvizi MM. A randomized clinical trial on treatment of chronic constipation by traditional persian medicine recommendations compared to allopathic medicine: A pilot study. International J. Preventive Medicine 2017; 8. [DOI:10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_302_16]
30. Mosavat SH, Marzban M, Bahrami M, Parvizi MM and Hajimonfarednejad M. Sexual headache from view point of Avicenna and traditional Persian medicine. Neurological Sciences 2017; 38 (1): 193-6. [DOI:10.1007/s10072-016-2741-4]
31. Hamedi A, Zarshenas MM, Sohrabpour M and Zargaran A. Herbal medicinal oils in traditional Persian medicine. Pharmaceutical Biol. 2013; 51 (9): 1208-18. [DOI:10.3109/13880209.2013.777462]
32. Holm L and Fitzmaurice L. Emergency department waiting room stress: can music or aromatherapy improve anxiety scores? Pediatric Emergency Care. 2008; 24 (12): 836-8. [DOI:10.1097/PEC.0b013e31818ea04c]
33. Muzzarelli L, Force M and Sebold M. Aromatherapy and reducing preprocedural anxiety: A controlled prospective study. Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official J. the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates 2006; 29 (6): 466-71. [DOI:10.1097/00001610-200611000-00005]
34. Kutlu AK, Yılmaz E and Çeçen D. Effects of aroma inhalation on examination anxiety. Teaching and Learning in Nursing. 2008; 3 (4): 125-30. [DOI:10.1016/j.teln.2008.04.005]
35. Burns EE, Blamey C, Ersser SJ, Barnetson L and Lloyd AJ. An investigation into the use of aromatherapy in intrapartum midwifery practice. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 2000; 6 (2): 141-7. [DOI:10.1089/acm.2000.6.141]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2023 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Medicinal Plants

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb