year 19, Issue 76 (11-2020)                   J. Med. Plants 2020, 19(76): 21-35 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Kuhkheil A, Naghdi Badi H, Mehrafarin A, Abdossi V. Phytochemical and morpho-physiological variations in sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) populations of Taleghan region in Iran. J. Med. Plants 2020; 19 (76) :21-35
1- Department of Horticulture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2- Medicinal Plants Research Centre, Institute of Medicinal Plants, ACECR, Karaj, Iran
3- Medicinal Plants Research Centre, Institute of Medicinal Plants, ACECR, Karaj, Iran ,
Abstract:   (2861 Views)
Background: Sea buckthorn is a thorny shrub with nitrogen-fixing ability belonging to the Elaeagnaceae family. Objective: In this study, phytochemical and morpho-physiological traits in wild populations of sea buckthorn were investigated in two consecutive years in the Taleghan region of Iran. Methods: Some morpho-physiological traits in several parts of plants were measured. Also, some phytochemical analysis of fruit pulp (through spectrophotometric methods) and seed oil content was performed. Results: The results showed that the populations had significant differences (P ≤ 0.01 or P ≤ 0.05) in most of the main morpho-physiological traits and all phytochemical properties of leaves and fruits in growing seasons during two studied years. The highest and lowest amount of some more important traits of fruit were ranged from 16.02 to 48.55 mg/g, total phenol (Jostan-Bozaj), 0.71 to 1.65 mg/g carotenoid (Gelyard-Fashandak), 0.92 to 2.46 mg/g flavonoid (Dehdar-Shahrak), and 1.37 to 10.00 mg/g vitamin C (Gelyard-Shahrak). Factor analysis based on PCA revealed that the first three-component contributed about 70 and 76% of the total variation for phytochemical and morpho-physiological traits of populations, respectively. The first component (PC1) was contributed by some traits such as fruit glucose, total soluble solids (TSS), vitamin C, and leaf lycopene for phytochemical traits. Conclusion: The wide range of variation across the sea buckthorn populations in this region can be used for the selection of suitable genotypes for improvement and pharmaceutical exploitation of this plant in Iran.
Full-Text [PDF 743 kb]   (1364 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Pharmacognosy & Pharmaceutics
Received: 2018/03/30 | Accepted: 2020/07/19 | Published: 2020/12/1

1. Rosch D, Krumbein A, Mugge C and Kroh LW. Structural investigations of flavonol glycosides from sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) pomace by NMR spectroscopy and HPLC-ESI-MSn. J. Agric. Food Chem. 2004; 52: 4039-4046. [DOI:10.1021/jf0306791]
2. Yang B and Kallio H. Composition and physiological effects of sea buckthorn (Hippophae) lipids. Trends Food Sci. Technol. 2002; 13: 160-167. [DOI:10.1016/S0924-2244(02)00136-X]
3. Eagle D, Zubarev Y and Morsel JT. Sea buckthorn. Research for a promising crop: A look at recent developments in cultivations, breeding, technology, health and environment. Books and Demand Press, Germany. 2014. 208 pages.
4. Arimboor R, Kumar SK and Arumughan C. Simultaneous estimation of phenolic acids in sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) berries and leaves. J. Pharm. Biomed Anal. 2008; 47: 31-38. [DOI:10.1016/j.jpba.2007.11.045]
5. Fan J, Ding X and Gu W. Radical scavenging proanthocyanidins from sea buckthorn seed. Food Chem. 2007; 102: 168-177. [DOI:10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.05.049]
6. Pop R, Weesepoel Y, Socaciu C, Pintea A and Vincken JP. Carotenoid composition of berries and leaves from six Romanian Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) varieties, Food Chem. 2014; 147: 1-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.09.083]
7. Kallio H, Yang B and Peippo P. Effects of different origins and harvesting time on vitamin C, tocopherols and tocotrienols in sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) berries. J Agric Food Chem. 2002; 50: 6136-6142. [DOI:10.1021/jf020421v]
8. Dong JE, Ma XH, Wei Q, Peng SB and Zhang SC. Effects of growing location on the contents of secondary metabolites in the leaves of four selected superior clones of Eucommia ulmoides. Ind. Crop Prod. 2011; 34: 1607-1614. [DOI:10.1016/j.indcrop.2011.06.007]
9. Beveridge T, Li TS, Oomah BD and Smith A. Sea buckthorn products: manufacture and composition. J. Agric. Food Chem. 1999; 47: 3480-3488. [DOI:10.1021/jf981331m]
10. Sne E, Seglina D, Galoburda R and Krasnova I. Content of phenolic compounds in various sea buckthorn parts. In: Proceedings of the latvian academy of sciences. Section B. Natural, Exact and Applied Sciences. 2013; pp: 411-415. [DOI:10.2478/prolas-2013-0073]
11. Yadav VK, Sah VK, Singh AK and Sharma SK. Variations in morphological and biochemical characters of Seabuckthorn (Hippophae salicifolia D. Don) populations growing in Harsil area of Garhwal Himalaya in India. Tropical Ag. Res. Ext. 2006; 9: 1-7.
12. Barl B, Akhov L, Dunlop D, Jana S and Schroeder WR. Flavonoid content and composition in leaves and berries of sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) of different origin. Acta Hortic. 2003; 626: 397-405. [DOI:10.17660/ActaHortic.2003.626.55]
13. Ercisli, S, Orhan E, Ozdemir O and Sengul M. The genotypic effects in the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) berries grown in Turkey. Scientia Hort. 2007; 115: 27-33. [DOI:10.1016/j.scienta.2007.07.004]
14. Heywood VH. The conservation of genetic and chemical diversity in medicinal and aromatic plants. In: Şener B. (eds) Biodiversity. Springer. Biodiversity, 2002; 13-22. [DOI:10.1007/978-1-4419-9242-0_2]
15. Savitree M, Isara P, Nittaya SL and Worapan S. Radical scavenging activity and total phenolic content of medicinal plants used in primary health care. J. Pharm. Sci. 2004; 9(1): 32-35.
16. Makkar HPS. Quantification of tannins in tree foliage. FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture. FAO/IAEA Working Document. IAEA, Vienna, Austria. 2000; 26 p.
17. Zhishen J, Mengcheng T and Jianming W. The determination of flavonoid contents in mulberry and their scavenging effects on superoxide radicals. Food Chem. 1999; 64 (4): 555-559. [DOI:10.1016/S0308-8146(98)00102-2]
18. Lee HS. Characterization of carotenoids in juice of red navel orange (Cara cara). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 2001; 49: 2563-2568. [DOI:10.1021/jf001313g]
19. Nagata M and Yamashita I. Simple method for simultaneous determination of chlorophyll and carotenoids in tomato fruit. Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gakkaish. 1992; 39 (10): 925-928. [DOI:10.3136/nskkk1962.39.925]
20. Ipek U, Arslan EI, Obek E, Karatas F and Erulas F A. Determination of vitamin losses and degradation kinetics during composting. Proc. Biochem. 2005; 40: 621-624. [DOI:10.1016/j.procbio.2004.01.050]
21. Dubois M, Giles KA and Hamilton JK. Colorimetric method for determination of sugars and related substances. Anal Chem. 1956; 28: 350-356. [DOI:10.1021/ac60111a017]
22. AOCS. Preparation of methyl esters of fatty acids (7th edition). Official methods and recommended practices of the American oil chemists' society. Champaign: Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 2017; Method Ce 2-66.
23. Sabir SM, Ahmed SD and Lodhi N. Morphological and biochemical variation in Sea buckthorn Hippophae rhamnoides ssp. turkestanica, a multipurpose plant for fragile mountains of Pakistan. South African J. Bot. 2003; 69(4): 587-592. [DOI:10.1016/S0254-6299(15)30299-4]
24. Aras Perk A, Kaya Z and Akkemik U. Hippophae rhamnoides L.: fruit and seed morphology and its taxonomic problems in Turkey. Pak. J. Botany. 2007; 39: 1907-1916.
25. Upadhyay N K, Kumar M S Y and Gupta A. Antioxidant, cytoprotective and antibacterial effects of Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) leaves. Food Chem Toxicol. 2010; 48: 3443-3448. [DOI:10.1016/j.fct.2010.09.019]
26. Korekar G, Dolkar P, Singh H, Srivastava RB and Stobdan T. Variability and the genotypic effect on antioxidant activity, total phenolics, carotenoids and ascorbic acid content in seventeen natural populations of seabuckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) from trans-Himalaya. LWT-Food Sci Technol. 2014; 55: 157-162. [DOI:10.1016/j.lwt.2013.09.006]
27. Andersson S, Olsson ME, Johansson E and Rumpunen K. Carotenoids in sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) berries during ripening and use of pheophytin a as marker of maturity. J. Agric. Food Chem. 2009; 57: 250-258. [DOI:10.1021/jf802599f]
28. Gao X, Ohlander M, Jeppsson N, Bjork L and Trajkovski V. Changes in antioxidant effects and their relationship to phytonutrients in fruits of sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) during maturation. J. Agric. Food Chem. 2000; 48: 1485-1490. [DOI:10.1021/jf991072g]
29. Iezzoni AF and Pritts MP. Applications of principal components analysis to horticultural research. Hort. Sci. 1991; 26: 334-338. [DOI:10.21273/HORTSCI.26.4.334]
30. Sezen I, Ercisli S, Cakir O and Koc A. Biodiversity and landscape use of sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) in the coruh valley of Turkey. Springer-Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg. Erwerbs-Obstbau. 2015; 57: 23-28. [DOI:10.1007/s10341-014-0227-1]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Medicinal Plants

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb