year 16, Issue 61 (2-2017)                   J. Med. Plants 2017, 16(61): 79-88 | Back to browse issues page

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Yousefzadeh S, Naghdi Badi H. Changes of Essential Oil, Photosynthetic Pigments, and Morphological Characteristics of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) at Different Harvesting Time. J. Med. Plants 2017; 16 (61) :79-88
1- Department of Agriculture, Payame Noor University of Marand, East Azerbaijan, Iran ,
2- Medicinal Plants Research Center, Institute of Medicinal Plants, ACECR, Karaj, Iran
Abstract:   (1176 Views)

Background: Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) is herbaceous perennial plants of Lamiaceae family grown in Europe, the Middle East, Asia, and Northern Africa.

Objective: In this research, the effect of harvesting time was studied on essential oil, photosynthetic pigment, and some morphological characteristics of hyssop.

Methods: A Field experiment was carried out during 2015/2016 at the Research farm of Payam Noor University of Marand, Iran. The experimental design was laid out as randomized complete block design with three replicates. The three harvesting time (pre-flowering, beginning of flowering and full flowering stages) were arranged in experimental plots.

Results: Results indicated that the percentage of essential oil varied for 0.459 to 0.618 in different stage of plant growth. Hyssop essential oil yields increased with time and the highest value of measured traits included plant high, stem diameter, number of secondary and flowering branches, dry weight, chlorophyll (a, b and total), carotenoid, total anthocyanins and total flavonoids was obtained for collected plants in full flowering stage.

Conclusion: Overall, the harvesting in full flowering stage was the best time in respect of essential oils content and morphological characteristics in hyssop.

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Type of Study: Short Communication | Subject: Agriculture & Ethnobotany
Received: 2016/10/25 | Accepted: 2017/01/14 | Published: 2017/02/28

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