year 9, Issue 33 And S6 (supplement 6 2010)                   J. Med. Plants 2010, 9(33 And S6): 53-56 | Back to browse issues page

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Rahimi-Nasrabadi M, Gholivand M, Niasari M, Vatanara A. Chemical Composition of the Essential oil from Aerial Parts of Echinophora platyloba DC. from Iran. J. Med. Plants 2010; 9 (33) :53-56
1- Department of Chemistry, Imam Hossein University, Tehran ,
2- Department of Chemistry, Razi University, Kermanshah
3- Department of Chemistry, Islamic Azad University, Shahreza Branch, Shahreza
4- Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
Abstract:   (4662 Views)

Background: Essential oils and various extracts from plant are of great interests in the industry and scientific research.

Objective: This study was designed to examine the chemical composition of essential oil and of Echinophora platyloba from Iran.

Method: The chemical composition of the hydrodistilled essential oil of the air-dried aerial parts of Echinophora platyloba growing wild in Iran was obtained by hydrodistillation and was analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS).

Results: The species is poor in essential oil (yield = 0.7 % ). Twenty-nine constituents representing 97 .43% of total oil have been identified. The main constituents of the oil were found to be (Z)-β-ocimene (26.71%), Δ-3-carene (16.16%), Limonene (6.59 %). Other representative compounds were identified as Cis-3-hexylbenzoate (4.57%), Spathunenol (4.57%), Myristicin (4.48 %), Myrcene (4.31%), 4-decanolide (4.2%) and α-Pinene (4.03 %).

Conclusion: The oil of Echinophora platyloba consists of 16 monoterpenoids (69.55%) and 5 sesquiterpenoids (7.08%).
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Pharmacognosy & Pharmaceutics
Received: 2009/11/7 | Accepted: 2010/02/17 | Published: 2010/03/19

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