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:: Volume 4, Number 48 (12-2013) ::
JMP 2013, 4(48): 104-116 Back to browse issues page
Antimicrobial Efficacy of Mentha spicata Essential Oil and Nisin in Combination on Listeria monocytogenes
MH Moosavy *1, R Mahmoudi2, S Davudi3, N Shavisi4
1- Ph.D. Faculty of veterinary medicine, University of Tabriz , moosavymh@gmail.com
2- Ph.D. Faculty of veterinary medicine, University of Tabriz
3- D.V.M. Department of Food Hygiene and Aquatic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tabriz
4- Ph.D. Student Department of Food Hygiene and Aquatic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tabriz
Abstract:   (2578 Views)
Background: Natural biopreservative are as alternative approach for controlling growth of foodborne microorganisms such as Listeria monocytogenes. Essential oils (EOs) possess antibacterial properties. Mentha is one of the most common aromatic plants that widely used as medicinal and biopreservative in foods. Nisin a well known antibacterial peptide to effectively antagonize a broad spectrum of bacteria, and is widely used as preservative in foods. Objective: The aim of this work was to investigate of the antimicrobial efficacies of nisin and Mentha spicata essential oil in combination against Listeria monocytogenes. The effects of different temperatures (4, 9 and 14°C), pH (5, 6 and 7) and NaCl concentrations (0, 1, 2 and 4%) were determinate. Methods: Description study. Results: Essential oil content of M. Spicata had 18 components. The dominant active components were carvone (78.76%), limonene (11.50%) and menthol (1%). Minimum inhibitory concentrations for the essential oil and nisin were 160µl/ml and 320IU/ml, respectively. A synergy of low pH values, high temperatures and high NaCl concentrations was observed. Conclusion: Our results found that the combination effects of M. Spicata and nisin in all experimental concentrations significantly reduced the numbers of L. monocytogenes.
Keywords: Combination effects, Listeria monocytogenes, Mentha spicata, Nisin
Full-Text [PDF 225 kb]   (1036 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Food Hygiene and Aquatic
Received: 2014/09/30 | Accepted: 2014/09/30 | Published: 2014/09/30
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Moosavy M, Mahmoudi R, Davudi S, Shavisi N. Antimicrobial Efficacy of Mentha spicata Essential Oil and Nisin in Combination on Listeria monocytogenes. JMP. 2013; 4 (48) :104-116
URL: http://jmp.ir/article-1-65-en.html
Volume 4, Number 48 (12-2013) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علمی پژوهشی گیاهان دارویی Journal of Medicinal Plants
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