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:: Volume 2, Issue 70 (7-2019) ::
JMP 2019, 2(70): 110-121 Back to browse issues page
Epidemiological Survey of Poisoning by Plants and Mushrooms in Loghman–e- Hakim Hospital of Tehran, Iran, 2007 – 2013
S Sattarzad Fathi1, H Hassanian-Moghaddam2, Sh Shadnia2, N Zamani2, M Rahimi *3
1- School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Clinical Toxicology, Loghman Hakim Hospital, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- Department of Clinical Toxicology, Loghman Hakim Hospital, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , mrahimi744@gmail.com
Abstract:   (76 Views)
Background: Because in today's societies, not only the nutritional role of plants and fungi is very high, but also the main basis of many drugs are plants and plant products, therefore one of the problems of clinical toxicologists is the toxicity of these products.
Objective: This study aimed to define the prevalence, symptoms, complications, effective treatments, type of substance use, the cause of intake, location, gender distribution and age of poisoning with herbs and mushrooms in hospitalized patients of Loghman Hakim Hospital in Tehran.
Methods: This is a retrospective study with questionnaire formulation. Patients reviewed from the beginning of 2007 to the end of 2013.
Results: of 103 cases of poisoning with plants and mushrooms 64.1% were male, and 35.9% were female. The mean age of patients was 21.59 ± 30.51 years. The most commonly used substance is Datura (34%). On the other hand, sole mushroom ingestion was found in 5.8% of cases. The most significant source of plants and mushrooms was reported from herbal-shops (27.18%). The reason behind intake was either random or euphoria. Four patients were admitted to the intensive care unit, and three patients needed intubation. The mean hospital stay was 1.64 ± 1.28 days. Ninety percent of the treatments were supportive, and 75.7% of the patients recovered without any clinical complications.
Conclusion: Poisoning with toxic plants and mushrooms is one of the frequent causes of intoxication that is often accidental. In children poisoning is inadvertent, but youth are more likely wanted to have euphoria. Treatment strategies are supportive and symptomatic.
Keywords: Emergency Treatment, Mushroom Poisoning, Poisoning, Toxic plants
Full-Text [PDF 354 kb]   (32 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Toxicology
Received: 2019/06/26 | Accepted: 2019/06/26 | Published: 2019/06/26
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Sattarzad Fathi S, Hassanian-Moghaddam H, Shadnia S, Zamani N, Rahimi M. Epidemiological Survey of Poisoning by Plants and Mushrooms in Loghman–e- Hakim Hospital of Tehran, Iran, 2007 – 2013. JMP. 2019; 2 (70) :110-121
URL: http://jmp.ir/article-1-2567-en.html


Volume 2, Issue 70 (7-2019) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علمی پژوهشی گیاهان دارویی Journal of Medicinal Plants
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