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:: Volume 2, Issue 50 (6-2014) ::
J. Med. Plants 2014, 2(50): 83-91 Back to browse issues page
Increasing Quantitative and Qualitative Yield of Calendula officinalis L. by Using Bio-Fertilizer
M Hoseini Mazinani *1, A Hadipour2
1- Islamic Azad University (Shahre-e-Rey Branch) , Mzhoseini@yahoo.com
2- ACECR (East Azerbaijan Branch)
Abstract:   (10577 Views)
Background: Because the excessive use of chemical fertilizers had harmful effects, bio-fertilizers using are suitable alternative for supply of safe food, healthy environment and human health. Objective: To evaluate the effect of bio-fertilizers on the quantity and quality yield of calendula medicinal plant. Methods: This study conducted in the research farm of Islamic Azad University (Shahr-e-Ray Branch) based on a randomized complete blocks design with three replications. Treatments were Nitroxin, Super nitro plus, Mycorrhizae, animal manure, chemical fertilizer (NPK) and control (no fertilizer). Results: The bio-fertilizers using had a significant effect on the most of studied quantity and quality parameters. Effect of bio-fertilizers was significant (p≤0.05) on dry matter of flower and fresh yield and (p≤0.01) on fresh weight of flower and essential oil yield of calendula. Biofertilizer had a significant effect on main constituents, Muurolol (epi-alpha) and alpha-Cadinol (%) (p≤0.01). Conclusion: Biofertilizers had a positive and significant effect on yield of essential oil and also maximum yield of essential oil was observed by Nitroxin treatment.
Keywords: Calendula officinalis L., Azotobacter, Azospirillum, Biofertilizer, Mycorrhizae, Qualitative yield
Full-Text [PDF 261 kb]   (2558 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Agriculture
Received: 2014/09/28 | Accepted: 2014/09/28 | Published: 2014/09/28
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Hoseini Mazinani M, Hadipour A. Increasing Quantitative and Qualitative Yield of Calendula officinalis L. by Using Bio-Fertilizer. J. Med. Plants. 2014; 2 (50) :83-91
URL: http://jmp.ir/article-1-36-en.html

Volume 2, Issue 50 (6-2014) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علمی پژوهشی گیاهان دارویی Journal of Medicinal Plants
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