سال 19، شماره 76 - ( English 1399 )                   سال 19 شماره 76 صفحات 69-88 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Asadi M, Nejad Ebrahimi S, Hatami M, Hadian J. Changes in secondary metabolite contents of Arnica chamissonis Less. in response to different harvest time, flower developmental stages and drying methods. J. Med. Plants. 2020; 19 (76) :69-88
URL: http://jmp.ir/article-1-2782-fa.html
اسدی مژده، نژادابراهیمی صمد، حاتمی مهرناز، هادیان جواد. تغییر محتوای متابولیت‌های ثانویه گیاه آرنیکا (Arnica chamissonis Less.) در اثر زمان‌های مختلف کاشت، مراحل نموی گل و روش‌های خشک کردن. فصلنامه گياهان دارویی. 1399; 19 (76) :69-88

URL: http://jmp.ir/article-1-2782-fa.html


1- Department of Agriculture, Medicinal Plants and Drugs Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, G.C., Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants and Drugs Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, G.C., Tehran, Iran
3- Department of Medicinal Plants, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Arak University, Arak, Iran ، m-hatami@araku.ac.ir
چکیده:   (585 مشاهده)
مقدمه: مقادیر نسبی متابولیت‌های ثانویه گیاهان تحت تأثیر زمان برداشت و روش‌های خشک کردن پس از برداشت قرار می‌گیرند. هدف: بررسی اثرات مراحل برداشت گل و روش‌های خشک کردن روی کمیت و کیفیت متابولیت‌های ثانویه گیاه آرنیکا. روش بررسی: گل‌ها در اوایل خرداد، تیر و مرداد در چهار مرحله (مرحله 1: زمان بازشدن جوانه گل، مرحله 2: زمانی که همه گلچه‌های شعاعی یا کمتر از نیمی از گلچه‌های لوله‌ای باز شده‌اند، مرحله 3‌: وقتی که همه گلچه‌های شعاعی و لوله‌ای باز شده‌اند، مرحله 4: زمان پژمرده شدن گل‌های شعاعی و تشکیل بذر) برداشت شدند. همچنین، حداکثر میزان برداشت گل آذین در طی دو سال آزمایش برای تیمارهای روش خشک کردن (خشک کردن در سایه و آفتاب، خشک کردن در آون 40 و 50 درجه سانتی‌گراد، خشک کردن با مایکروویو در 500 و 1000 وات) در نظر گرفته شد. نتایج: نتایج نشان داد که بیشترین و کمترین فنل کل به ترتیب در تاریخ برداشت دوم و اول در مراحل بلوغ گل 3 و 4 بدست آمد. درحالیکه، بیشترین میزان لوتئولین و آپیژنین در مرحله برداشت سوم در مرحله 1 رشد گل در زمان برداشت سوم بدست آمد. در آزمایش دوم، گل‌های سایه خشک شده حاوی بیشترین مقدار فنل کل بودند و پس از آن خشک کردن با آون در دمای 40 درجه سانتی‌گراد. علاوه بر این، خشک کردن با آون مطلوب ترین روش برای حفظ سایر متابولیت‌های ثانویه اصلی از جمله فلاونوئید کل، روتین، لوتئولین و آپیژنین است. نتیجه‌گیری: تاریخ‌های مختلف برداشت در مراحل مختلف فنولوژی جوانه گل تأثیر معنی‌داری بر محتوای فنل کل، فلاونوئیدها، روتین، لوتئولین و آپیژنین داشت.
واژه‌های کلیدی: آرنیکا، نمو گل، برداشت، خشک کردن، روتین.
متن کامل [PDF 1177 kb]   (206 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشی | موضوع مقاله: كشاورزی و اتنوبوتانی
دریافت: 1398/10/13 | پذیرش: 1399/8/11 | انتشار: 1399/9/11

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