[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 4, Number 52 (12-2014) ::
JMP 2014, 4(52): 26-40 Back to browse issues page
A Review on Ocimum basilicum L. Medicinal Plant with a Focus on the most Important Secondary Compounds and its Medicinal and Agronomic Properties
M Ziaei1, M Sharifi *2, H Naghdi Badi3, J Tahsili4, M Ghorbani Nohooji3
1- (Ph.D Student) Department of Plant Biotechnology, National Institute for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (NIGEB), Tehran, Iran
2- (Ph.D.) Department of Plant Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran , msharifi@modares.ac.ir
3- (Ph.D.) Cultivation & Development Department of Medicinal Plants Research Center, Institute of Medicinal Plants, ACECR, Karaj, Iran
4- (Ph.D.) Department of Plant Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (4471 Views)
Basil (Ocimum basilicum), a member of Lamiaceae family, is used in traditional Iranian medicine. Essential oils of basil leaves are composed of phenylpropanoids which are important in treatment of headaches, diarrhea, coughs, warts, worms and kidney malfunctions. The most important phenylpropanoid compounds contain eugenol, chavicol, methyl eugenol, methyl chavicol, myristicin, methyl cinnamat and elemicin. Biosynthesis of phenylpropanoids that passes from shikimate pathway, are regulated by an enzyme group. Phenylalanine amonia-lyase (PAL), cinnamate 4 - hydroxylase (C4H), 4 - coumarate CoA ligase (4CL), P- coumarate 3-hydroxilase (C3H) and O - methyltransferases (EOMT, CVOMT, COMT) are known as key enzymes regulating at production of phenylpropanoids. The phenylpropanoids are also produced in the area of stress conditions and maintained the plant against biotic and abiotic stresses. The purpose of this study is introducing Basil and its medicinal usages in Iran and an overview of the phenylpropanoid biosynthesis as an important part of the essence in basil and its evaluation of agronomic characteristics.
Keywords: Agronomic characteristics, Basil (Ocimum basilicum), Essential oils, Medicinal usages, Phenylpropanoids
Full-Text [PDF 876 kb]   (3574 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review | Subject: Plant Biology
Received: 2015/01/28 | Accepted: 2015/01/28 | Published: 2015/01/28
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or email:

Write the security code in the box >
نظرات کاربران
نظر ارسال شده توسط dolati.fereshteh@yahoo.com در تاریخ 2015/05/15
مقاله بسیارمفیدی بود



XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ziaei M, Sharifi M, Naghdi Badi H, Tahsili J, Ghorbani Nohooji M. A Review on Ocimum basilicum L. Medicinal Plant with a Focus on the most Important Secondary Compounds and its Medicinal and Agronomic Properties. JMP. 2014; 4 (52) :26-40
URL: http://jmp.ir/article-1-868-en.html
Volume 4, Number 52 (12-2014) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علمی پژوهشی گیاهان دارویی Journal of Medicinal Plants
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.048 seconds with 798 queries by yektaweb 3463