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:: Volume 4, Issue 52 (12-2014) ::
JMP 2014, 4(52): 26-40 Back to browse issues page
A Review on Ocimum basilicum L. Medicinal Plant with a Focus on the most Important Secondary Compounds and its Medicinal and Agronomic Properties
M Ziaei 1, M Sharifi 2, H Naghdi Badi 3, J Tahsili 4, M Ghorbani Nohooji 3
1- (Ph.D Student) Department of Plant Biotechnology, National Institute for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (NIGEB), Tehran, Iran
2- (Ph.D.) Department of Plant Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran , msharifi@modares.ac.ir
3- (Ph.D.) Cultivation & Development Department of Medicinal Plants Research Center, Institute of Medicinal Plants, ACECR, Karaj, Iran
4- (Ph.D.) Department of Plant Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (5441 Views)
Basil (Ocimum basilicum), a member of Lamiaceae family, is used in traditional Iranian medicine. Essential oils of basil leaves are composed of phenylpropanoids which are important in treatment of headaches, diarrhea, coughs, warts, worms and kidney malfunctions. The most important phenylpropanoid compounds contain eugenol, chavicol, methyl eugenol, methyl chavicol, myristicin, methyl cinnamat and elemicin. Biosynthesis of phenylpropanoids that passes from shikimate pathway, are regulated by an enzyme group. Phenylalanine amonia-lyase (PAL), cinnamate 4 - hydroxylase (C4H), 4 - coumarate CoA ligase (4CL), P- coumarate 3-hydroxilase (C3H) and O - methyltransferases (EOMT, CVOMT, COMT) are known as key enzymes regulating at production of phenylpropanoids. The phenylpropanoids are also produced in the area of stress conditions and maintained the plant against biotic and abiotic stresses. The purpose of this study is introducing Basil and its medicinal usages in Iran and an overview of the phenylpropanoid biosynthesis as an important part of the essence in basil and its evaluation of agronomic characteristics.
Keywords: Agronomic characteristics, Basil (Ocimum basilicum), Essential oils, Medicinal usages, Phenylpropanoids
Full-Text [PDF 598 kb]   (5057 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review | Subject: Plant Biology
Received: 2015/01/28 | Accepted: 2015/01/28 | Published: 2015/01/28
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Ziaei M, Sharifi M, Naghdi Badi H, Tahsili J, Ghorbani Nohooji M. A Review on Ocimum basilicum L. Medicinal Plant with a Focus on the most Important Secondary Compounds and its Medicinal and Agronomic Properties. JMP. 2014; 4 (52) :26-40
URL: http://jmp.ir/article-1-868-en.html


Volume 4, Issue 52 (12-2014) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علمی پژوهشی گیاهان دارویی Journal of Medicinal Plants
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