year 20, Issue 78 (5-2021)                   J. Med. Plants 2021, 20(78): 36-47 | Back to browse issues page

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Abdoli M, Mehrpooya Z, Talebian M R. Effect of salicylic acid and yeast extract on caffeic acid derivatives production in Echinacea purpurea L.. J. Med. Plants. 2021; 20 (78) :36-47
1- Department of Plant Production and Genetics, Faculty of Agriculture, Malayer University, Malayer, Iran ,
2- Department of Plant Production and Genetics, Faculty of Agriculture, Malayer University, Malayer, Iran
Abstract:   (639 Views)
Background: Purple coneflower, Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench, has long been used in herbal remedies to prevent and treat a wide range of diseases like common cold, simple cough, pulmonary infections, dermatologic disorder and chronic diseases due to immunodeficiency. Objective: The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of salicylic acid and yeast extract foliar application on caffeic acid derivatives production in coneflower. Methods: Two factorial experiments were performed individually under greenhouse conditions during the years 2017-2018. In the first experiment, the effect of salicylic acid (0, 80, 160 and 320 mg/L) and each at four exposure times (24, 48, 72 and 96 hours) was studied. Also, in the second experiment, the effect of yeast extract (0, 0.75, 1 and 1.5 g/L) and each at four exposure times was investigated. Results: The results indicated that main effects and interactions of different concentrations of salicylic acid and yeast extract at different exposure times on caffeic acid derivatives content were significant (P ˂ 0.01). The highest cichoric acid, caftaric acid and echinacoside production was obtained after 96 hours of treatment at 160 mg/L salicylic acid treated plants. The highest cichoric acid production 7.150 mg/g DW was obtained after 96 hours of treatment at 1.5 g/L yeast extract treated plants, this was 3.58-fold higher compared to respective control. The lowest level of caffeic acid derivatives production was observed in control plants. Conclusion: In conclusion, salicylic acid and yeast extract foliar application have a positive effect on caffeic acid derivatives production in Echinacea purpurea aerial parts.
Full-Text [PDF 478 kb]   (285 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Medicinal Plants
Received: 2021/02/24 | Accepted: 2021/05/2 | Published: 2021/06/1

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