year 19, Issue 75 (9-2020)                   J. Med. Plants 2020, 19(75): 254-265 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ebadollahi-Natanzi A, Arab-Rahmatipour G. A study on chlorophyll, total carotenoid and beta-carotene contents in carrot and the effect of climate on them. J. Med. Plants. 2020; 19 (75) :254-265
1- Department of Medicinal plants, Imam Khomeini Higher Education Center, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Karaj, Iran ,
2- Department of Medicinal plants, Imam Khomeini Higher Education Center, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Karaj, Iran
Abstract:   (1092 Views)
Background: Carotenoids are pigments with important physiological effects in the human body that are involved in strengthening the immune system and reducing the risk of many diseases, including cancer. Objective: With regard to the importance of these substances and the high content of them in carrots (Daucus carota L.), and in order to identify the most suitable geographical area for obtaining the products with the highest levels of these compounds, the present study was carried out. Methods: Samples were collected and investigated from six major carrot cultivation regions, located in Khuzestan and Isfahan provinces. The effects of climate changes on the amount of these substances were also studied. The extracts were prepared from the samples and the experiments were performed by spectrophotometric method at 663, 645, 480 and 436 nm wavelength, repectively. Results: The highest mean of total chlorophyll content in leaves (1.42 mg/g) and total carotenoids (54.62 μg/g) and beta-carotene (24.97 μg/g) in plant roots were related to Andimeshk in Khuzestan province, and the lowest amounts of them was related to Dastgerd in Isfahan province with average of 0.61 mg/g, 18.72 μg/g and 1.98 μg/g, respectively. Conclusion: The results of this study showed that in Khuzestan province, parameters such as temperature (23.5-25 °C), relative humidity (49.5-58 percent) and rainfall (260-570 mm/year) had better conditions for carrot metabolic activity and consequently having caused a significant increase in carotenoids and beta carotene in this plant product.
Full-Text [PDF 658 kb]   (1299 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Pharmacognosy & Pharmaceutics
Received: 2019/12/18 | Accepted: 2020/02/26 | Published: 2020/09/6

1. Singh K, Singh N, Chandy A and Manigauha A. In vivo antioxidant and hepatoprotective activity of methanolic extracts of Daucus carota seeds in experimental animals. Asian Pac. J. Trop. Biomed. 2012; 2: 385-388. [DOI:10.1016/S2221-1691(12)60061-6]
2. Fiedor J and Burda K. Potential role of carotenoids as antioxidants in human health and disease. Nutrients 2014; 6: 466-488. [DOI:10.3390/nu6020466]
3. Ranjbar B, Pouraboli I, Mehrabani M, Dabiri S and Javadi A. Effect of the methanolic extract of Daucus carota seeds on the carbohydrate metabolism and morphology of pancreas in type I diabetic male rats. Physiol. Pharmacol. 2010; 14: 85-93.
4. Ahangarpour A, Amirzargar A, Oroojan A, Abaci Asl H, Zaman Pour Z and Hasanzadeh M. Effects of carrot (Daucus carota) aqueous extract on ileum contractions in male rats. JBUMS 2014; 16: 38-43.
5. Bystricka J, Kavalcova P, Musilova J, Vollmannova A, Toth T and Lenkova M. Carrot (Daucus carota L. ssp. sativus (Hoffm.) Arcang.) as source of antioxidants. Acta Agric Slov. 2015; 105: 303-311. [DOI:10.14720/aas.2015.105.2.13]
6. Vasudevan M and Parle M. Pharmacological evidence for the potential of Daucus carota in the management of cognitive dysfunctions. Biol Pharm Bull. 2006; 29: 1154-1161. [DOI:10.1248/bpb.29.1154]
7. Chatatikun M and Chiabchalard A. Phytochemical screening and free radical scavenging activities of orange baby carrot and carrot (Daucus carota Linn.) root crude extracts. J. Chem. Pharm. Res. 2013; 5: 97-102.
8. Hassan soltan T, Noroozi M and Amoozegar MA. A survey on total carotenoids, chlorophyll a and b and also antioxidant activity of derived from four strain of green alga isolated from the Golestan coasts, (Caspian Sea). NCMBJ 2016; 6: 31-36.
9. Ito Y, Kurata M, Suzuki K, Hamajima N, Hishida H and Aoki K. Cardiovascular disease mortality and serum carotenoid levels: a Japanese population-based follow-up study. J. Epidemiol. 2006; 16: 154-160. [DOI:10.2188/jea.16.154]
10. Rajendran V, Pu YS and Chen BH. An improved HPLC method for determination of carotenoids in human serum. J. Chromatogr. B Analyt. Technol. Biomed. Life Sci. 2005; 824: 99-106. [DOI:10.1016/j.jchromb.2005.07.004]
11. Latowski D, Kuczyńska P and Strzałka K. Xanthophyll cycle-a mechanism protecting plants against oxidative stress. Redox Rep. 2011; 16: 78-90. [DOI:10.1179/174329211X13020951739938]
12. Leja M, Kamińska I, Kramer M, Maksylewicz-Kaul A, Kammerer D, Carle R and et al. The content of phenolic compounds and radical scavenging activity varies with carrot origin and root color. Plant Food Hum. Nutr. 2013; 68: 163-170. [DOI:10.1007/s11130-013-0351-3]
13. Ebadollahi-Natanzi A and Arab-Rahmatipour G. Determination of total carotenoids contents of carrots harvested from some regions in Khuzestan and Isfahan provinces. National congress on medicinal plants, 16- 17 May 2012; Kish Island. IJPR 2012; 11: 386.
14. Ebadollahi-Natanzi A and Arab-Rahmatipour G. Study on free radical scavenging activity of carrot (Daucus carota L.) grown in three different regions of Iran. J. Chem. Pharm. Res. 2014; 6: 268-274.
15. Khoshgoftarmanesh AH. Advanced topics in plant nutrition. 2nd ed. Isfahan University of Technology Publication Center. Iran. 2013.
16. Jafari A. Iran's Gitashenasi. 2nd ed. Gitashenasi Geographical and Cartographic Institute publications. Iran. 2005.
17. Arnon DI. Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts. Polyphenoloxidase in Beta vulgaris. Plant Physiol. 1949; 24: 1-15. [DOI:10.1104/pp.24.1.1]
18. Gross J. Pigments in Vegetables: Chlorophylls and Carotenoids. Van Nostrand Reinhold. USA. 1991. [DOI:10.1007/978-1-4615-2033-7]
19. Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC). Official Method of Analysis. Washington D.C.: Edited by Horwitz W; 1980.
20. Mustapha Y and Babura S. Determination of carbohydrate and β-carotene content of some vegetables consumed in Kano Metropolis. BJPAS 2009; 2: 119-121. [DOI:10.4314/bajopas.v2i1.58515]
21. Alipour N, Mahdavi K, Mahmoudi J and Ghelij-Nia H. Investigation into the effect of environmental conditions on the quality and quantity of essential oil of Stachys laxa. J. Plant Res. 2015; 28: 561-572.
22. Peyvast G. Vegetable production. 5th ed. Daneshpazir Publications. Iran. 2009.
23. Alijani F, Karbasi A and Mozafari M. Effects of climate change on yield of irrigated wheat in Iran. Agricultural Economics and Development. 2011; 19: 143-167.
24. Ebadollahi-Natanzi A, Arab-Rahmatipour G and Mohammadpour M. A study on total chlorophyll content in leaves of Daucus carota L. grown in two provinces of Iran and its correlation with some meteorological parameters and carotenoids levels. 2nd National Congress on Medicinal Plants, 15-16 May 2013; Teharn. IJPR 2013; 12: 399.
25. Alizadeh A. Principles of applied hydrology. 30th ed. University of Imam Reza Publication. Iran. 2007.
26. Esfandiari A, Rangraz K, Saberi A and Fattahi-Moghadam M. Potentiometric analysis of solar power plants by investigating climate parameters in Khuzestan province using GIS. 18th national conference and exhibition on geomatic and international conference of ISPRS WGII/4, 7; 15-18 May 2011; Tehran, 2011.
27. Sharifa S and Muriefah A. Effects of paclobutrazol on growth and physiological attributes of Soybean (Glycine max) plants grown under water stress conditions. Int. J. Adv. Res. Biol. Sci. 2015; 2: 81-93.
28. Saeidi M and Abdoli M. Effect of drought stress during grain filling on yield and its components, gas exchange variables, and some physiological traits of wheat cultivars. J. Agr. Sci. Tech. 2015; 17: 885-898.
29. Esmaeilizadeh M, Lotfi A, Mirdehghan SH and Shamshiri MH. Effects of irrigation intervals on some physiological and biochemical characteristics in four Iranian grapevine cultivars. J. Crop Improv. 2018; 20: 1-15.
30. Lotfi H, Barzegar T, Ghahramani Z and Rabiei V. Assessingth growth and yield of some Iranian melons under limited water condition. Journal of Agricultural Science and Sustainable Production. 2017; 27: 111-123.
31. Ataei H and Fanaei R. Identification of changes of maximum relative humidity in Isfahan province during half last century is using the Mann-Kendall test. Researches in Geographical Sciences. 2014; 14: 111-132.
32. Omidbaigi R. Production and processing of medicinal plants. 8th ed. Astan Ghods Razavi of publications. Iran. 2015.
33. Mojarrad F, Fathnia A and Rajaee Najafabadi S. Evaluation of spatial-temporal variations of incoming solar radiation in Kermanshah province using "Liu and Jordan" model. Journal of Applied researches in Geographical Sciences. 2017; 17: 25-43.
34. Alijani B. Weather of Iran. 12th ed. University of Payam Noor Publications. Iran. 2013.
35. Farahmand H and Mehdikhani N. The role of pigments and the putative mechanisms involved in plants' leaf colour change and its importance in landscape. Journal of Flowers and Ornamental Plants 2016; 1: 60-77.
36. Olsson ME, Andersson S, Werlemark G, Uggla M and Gustavsson KE. Carotenoids and phenolics in rose hips. Acta Hortic. 2005; 690: 249-252. [DOI:10.17660/ActaHortic.2005.690.38]
37. Seljasen R, Kristensen HL, Lauridsen C, Wyss GS, Kretzschmar U, Birlouez-Aragone I, et al. Quality of carrots as affected by pre- and postharvest factors and processing. J. Sci. Food Agric. 2013; 93: 2611-2626. [DOI:10.1002/jsfa.6189]
38. Tsukakoshi Y, Naito S, Ishida N and Yasui A. Variation in moisture, total sugar, and carotene content of Japanese carrots: Use in sample size determination. J. Food Compos. Anal. 2009; 22: 373-380. [DOI:10.1016/j.jfca.2008.06.013]
39. Zaringhalami S and Khataei M. Determination of some chemical composition of Dog Rose fruit and seed. LWT-Food Sci. Technol. 2017; 14: 1-8.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2021 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Medicinal Plants

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb