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:: Volume 2, Issue 38 (10-2011) ::
J. Med. Plants 2011, 2(38): 85-94 Back to browse issues page
The Effects of Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycorrhizal (VAM) Fungus Glomus etunicatum on Growth and some Physiological Parameters of Basil
M Sharifi *1, M Mohtashamian2, H Riyahi2, A Aghaee3, SM Alavi4
1- Department of Plant Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University , msharifi@modares.ac.ir
2- Department of Plant Science, Faculty of Bioscience, Shahid Beheshti University
3- Department of Plant Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University
4- Department of Applied Microbiology, ACECR Tehran Branch
Abstract:   (3629 Views)
Background: Basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) a member of the Lamiaceae family is used in traditional medicine in treatment of different human diseases. Also, this plant used as a culinary herb and a source of flavouring principles. Mycorrhizal fungi have been observed to be associated with plants cause to improve their productivity. Objective: Study of growth changes and some physiological parameters of basil after colonization with a native mycorrhizal fungus, Glomus etunicatum. Methods: The effect of a mycorrhizal fungus Glomus etunicatum on the growth and some physiological parameters of two cultivar of basil (green and purple) were investigated under greenhouse conditions in three replications. Results: Results showed that the roots of basil cultivars were colonized significantly with Glomus etunicatum. Mycorrhizal inoculation significantly increased leaf area, shoot and root fresh and dry weight, chlorophyll a and b, total phenolic and anthocyanin contents of mycorrhizal plants as compared to the non-inoculated plants. Conclusion: The endo-mycorrhizal fungus Glomus etunicatum isolated from Iranian soils affects positively on the growth and physiological parameters of the basil cultivars, and it could be applied for improvement of basil growth.
Keywords: Ocimum basilicum, Vesicular - Arbuscular Mycorrhiza, Glomus etunicatum
Full-Text [PDF 266 kb]   (1230 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Plant Biology
Received: 2014/10/15 | Accepted: 2014/10/15 | Published: 2014/10/15
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Sharifi M, Mohtashamian M, Riyahi H, Aghaee A, Alavi S. The Effects of Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycorrhizal (VAM) Fungus Glomus etunicatum on Growth and some Physiological Parameters of Basil. J. Med. Plants. 2011; 2 (38) :85-94
URL: http://jmp.ir/article-1-215-en.html


Volume 2, Issue 38 (10-2011) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علمی پژوهشی گیاهان دارویی Journal of Medicinal Plants
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