year 21, Issue 84 (12-2022)                   J. Med. Plants 2022, 21(84): 75-86 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

1- Department of Agriculture and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agricultural Technology (Aborihan), University of Tehran, Iran ,
2- Senior expert, Department of Agriculture and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agricultural Technology (Aborihan), University of Tehran, Iran
3- National Forestry and Pasture Research Institute, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (395 Views)
Background: Zingiber officinale (Zingiberaceae), is a tropical plant with knotted rhizomes. Objectives: The purpose of this research was to investigate the effect of using mineral and biological fertilizers based on algae on the quantitative and qualitative traits of the ginger plant and to choose the best cultivation medium. Methods: The experimental treatments included cultivation media in four levels and fertilizers in three levels. Hydrodistilled essential oil of the Z. officinale was analyzed by GC and GC-MS. Results: The largest amount of biological yield and yield per hectare was observed in the cultivation medium of vermicompost: perlite (70: 30) without fertilizers. The maximum harvest index with an average of 0.9 was estimated in the cultivation media of manure: soil (70: 30) combined with biofertilizer, vermicompost: perlite (70: 30) combined with biofertilizer, and manure: perlite (70: 30) combined with biofertilizer, respectively. The cultivation medium of animal manure: perlite (70: 30) combined with NPK chemical fertilizer produced the largest amount of essential oil. The highest proportion of geranial was observed in the cultivation medium of vermicompost: perlite (70: 30) combined with biofertilizer. The highest percentage of α-zingiberene was observed in the cultivation medium of vermicompost: perlite (70: 30) combined with NPK chemical fertilizer. The highest percentage of neral was obtained in the main treatments of animal manure: soil (70: 30) combined with biofertilizer. Conclusion: The use of chemical and biological fertilizers combined with organic cultivation media was fruitful and productive to meet the nutritional needs for the production of effective substances in ginger.
Full-Text [PDF 615 kb]   (176 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Medicinal Plants
Received: 2022/09/19 | Accepted: 2022/11/6 | Published: 2022/12/1

1. Haile AA, Tsegay BA, Seid A, Adnew W and Moges A. A review on medicinal plants used in the management of respiratory problems in ethiopia over a twenty-year period (2000-2021). J. Evidence-Based Complementary Altern. Med. 2022; 2935015: 1-14. [DOI:10.1155/2022/2935015]
2. Daharia A, Jaiswal VK, Royal KP, Sharma H, Joginath AK, Kumar R and Saha P. A Comparative review on ginger and garlic with their pharmacological action. Asian J. Pharm. Res. Dev. 2022; 10(3): 65-69. [DOI:10.22270/ajprd.v10i3.1147]
3. Supriya GS, Bhoomika HR, Ganapathi M, Nataraj SK and Ravi CS. Effect of different media and nutrients on growth and yield of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) in soilless culture under protected structure. J. Pharmacogn. Phytochem. 2020; 9(6): 2004-2007.
4. Kumar R, Jha Sh, Singh PSH, Kumar M, Kumari N and Padbhushan R. Combined application of chemical fertilizer and enriched household vermicompost influences maize yield and soil quality under calcareous soil. The Pharma. Innovation J. 2022; 11(8): 2069-2075.
5. Ye S, Peng B and Liu T. Effects of organic fertilizers on growth characteristics and fruit quality in pear-jujube in the loess plateau. Sci. Rep. 2022; 12: 13372. [DOI:10.1038/s41598-022-17342-5]
6. Markoska V and Spalevic V. The adsorption character of perlite, influence on nitrogen dynamics in soil. Agric. For. /Poljoprivreda i Sumarstvo. 2020; 66(4): 45-55 [DOI:10.17707/AgricultForest.66.4.04]
7. Das A, Layek J, Babu S, Kumar M, Yadav GS, Patel DP, Idapuganti RG, Lal R and Buragohain J. Influence of land configuration and organic sources of nutrient supply on productivity and quality of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) grown in eastern himalayas, India. Environ. Sustainabil. 2020; 3(1): 59-67. [DOI:10.1007/s42398-020-00098-x]
8. Chitra R and Vinothini L. Effect of organic manures and bio-stimulant on physiological and biochemical characters of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.). Int. J. Innov. Hortic. 2021; 10(2): 191-195. [DOI:10.5958/2582-2527.2021.00022.1]
9. Nasrin MS, Ghasemi S and Shahbazi Manshadi M. The effect of phosphorus, selenium and biological fertilizer on quantitative and qualitative characteristics of saffron (Crocus sativus L.). J. Saffron Res. 2022; 9(2): 279-295.
10. Shibamoto T. retention indices in essential oil analysis, in capillary gas chromatography in essential oil analysis. sandra p. bicchi c (ed). Huething Verlag. New York. 1987; 259-275.
11. Amiri HR, Mohammadi M., Saadatmand S and Taheri E. Study the Chemical Composition of Essential Oil of Ginger (Zingiber officinale) and Antioxidant and Cell Toxicity J. Med. Plants 2016; 15(58): 89-98. (In Persian).
12. Hussain N and Abbasi SA. Efficacy of the vermicomposts of different organic wastes as clean fertilizers: state-of-the-art. Sustainability. 2018; 10(4): 1205. [DOI:10.3390/su10041205]
13. Singh SP. Nutrient supplementation through organic manures for growth and yield of ginger (Zingeber officinale Rose.). J. Eco-Friendly Agri. 2015; 10(1): 28-31.
14. Valiki SRH, Ghanbari S, Golmohammadzadeh S and Tat OF. The effect of vermicompost and npk fertilizer on yield, growth parameters and essential oil of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare). Inter. J. Life Sci. 2015; 9(4): 38-43. [DOI:10.3126/ijls.v9i4.12673]
15. Egbuchua CN and Enujeke EC. Growth and yield responses of ginger (Zingiber officinale) to three sources of organic manures in a typical rainforest zone, Nigeria. J. Hortic. and Fores. 2013; 5(7): 109-114.
16. Hajiaghaei Kamrani M, Rahimi Chegeni A and Hosseinniya H. Effects of different growing media on yield and growth parameters of potato minitubers (Solanum tuberosum L.). Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Ana. 2019; 50(15): 1838-1853. [DOI:10.1080/00103624.2019.1648487]
17. Kakar R, Sharma JC, Mogta A, Guleria A and Thakur J. Assessment of various nutrient management technologies for quality, fertilizer use efficiency, and economics of ginger production under subtropical to subtemperate conditions. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Ana. 2020; 51(22): 2805-2820. [DOI:10.1080/00103624.2020.1849263]
18. Jyotsna N, Ghosh M, Ghosh DC, Meitei WI and Timsina J. Effect of biofertilizer on growth, productivity, quality and economics of rainfed organic ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) bhaisey cv. in north-eastern region of India. J. Agro. Scie. and Tech. 2013; 3: 83-98.
19. Das A, Patel DP, Kumar M, Ramkrushna GI, Mukherjee A, Layek J, Ngachan SV and Buragohain J. Impact of seven years of organic farming on soil and produce quality and crop yields in eastern himalayas, India. Agro. Ecosystems & Environment 2017; 236: 142-153. [DOI:10.1016/j.agee.2016.09.007]
20. Rana N and Korla BN. Integrated farming with organic and inorganic fertilizers on yield and quality of ginger (Zingiber officinales Rosc.). Agric. Sci. Digest. 2010; 30(4): 250-253.
21. Anwar M, Patra DD, Chand S, Alpesh K, Naqvi AA, and Khanuja SPS. Effect of organic manures and inorganic fertilizer on growth, herb and oil yield, nutrient accumulation, and oil quality of french basil. Commun. Soil. Sci. Plant Ana. 2005: 36(13-14): 1737-1746. [DOI:10.1081/CSS-200062434]
22. Jabbar A, Tehranifar A, Shoor M and Nemati SH. Effect of different media on some growth, flowering and biochemical parameters of two cultivars of gladiolus (Gladiolus grandiflorus L.) under soilless conditions. J. Ornamental Plants 2018; 8(3): 205-215.
23. Fallah S, Ghalavand A and Raiesi F. Soil chemical properties and growth and nutrient uptake of maize grown with different combinations of broiler litter and chemical fertilizer in a calcareous soil. Commun. Soil. Sci. Plant Ana. 2013; 44(21): 3120-3136. [DOI:10.1080/00103624.2013.832284]
24. Suhaimi MY, Adzemi MA and Zaliha WSW. Effect of organic substrates on ginger growth, yield and [6]-gingerol content cultivated using soilless culture system. Agroforesty. 2018; 3(1). [DOI:10.7251/AGRENG1801122Y]
25. Said-Al AH, Omer EA and Naguib NY. Effect of water stress and nitrogen fertilizer on herb and essential oil of oregano, Int. Agrophys. 2009; 23(3): 269-275.
26. Srinivasan V, Thankamani CK, Dinesh R, Kandiannan K, Hamza S, Leela NK and John Zachariah TJ. Variations in soil properties, rhizome yield and quality as influenced by different nutrient management schedules in rainfed ginger. Agrio. Res. 2019; 8(2): 218-230. [DOI:10.1007/s40003-018-0382-y]
27. Rashnoo A, Movahedi Z, Rostami M and Ghabooli M. Piriformospora indica culture filtrate and biofertilizer (nitrokara) promote chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) growth and morpho-physiological traits in an aeroponic system and soil culture. Int. J. Hortic. Sci. Technol. 2020; 7(4): 353-363.
28. Rostaei M, Fallah S, Lorigooini Z and Surki AA. Crop productivity and chemical compositions of black cumin essential oil in sole crop and intercropped with soybean under contrasting fertilization. Ind. Crops Prod. 2018; 125: 622-629. [DOI:10.1016/j.indcrop.2018.09.044]
29. Fallah S, Mouguee S, Rostaei M, Adavi Z, Lorigooini Z and Shahbazi E. Productivity and essential oil quality of dracocephalum kotschyi under organic and chemical fertilization conditions. J. Cleaner Prod. 2020; 255: 120189. [DOI:10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.120189]

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.