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:: Volume 2, Issue 14 (6-2005) ::
JMP 2005, 2(14): 1-6 Back to browse issues page
‍‍‍Production of secondary metabolites and pharmaceutical constituents through tissue and cell culture
B Habibi Khaniani *1, A Moieni 2, MR Abdollahi 3
1- (M.Sc.) 1- Institue of medicinal plants, Iranian Academic Center for Education, Culture, and Research, Tehran, Iran , Habibi@IMP.ac.ir
2- (Ph.D.) 2- Department of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran, Iran
3- (M.Sc.) 3- Department of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (4840 Views)
Metabolism is known as chemical reactions, which occurs in alive plants. Primary metabolites include main biochemical materials i.e. carbohydrate, protein and fat. Biochemicals other than these three main groups are known as secondary metabolites, which exist in a wide range and are used as pharmaceutical products, food flavors, insecticides and natural dyes. Tissue culture is one of the main approaches in industrial production of secondary metabolites because the potential of their natural production is very limited. The main techniques, which have used in this field, include: cell culture, organ culture & hairy root culture. In order to improve production of secondary metabolites through cell culture several steps one involved: screening & selection of highly productive cell lines, manipulation of nutrients, optimizing the culture environment, use of elicitation, permeabilization of cells and in situ product removal. In general, we can say that using this approach has economical value in the production of natural medicinal compounds.
Keywords: Secondary metabolites, Tissue culture, Cell culture, Hairy root culture
Full-Text [PDF 329 kb]   (1484 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review | Subject: Plant Breeding
Received: 2014/12/8 | Accepted: 2014/12/8 | Published: 2014/12/8
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Habibi Khaniani B, Moieni A, Abdollahi M. ‍‍‍Production of secondary metabolites and pharmaceutical constituents through tissue and cell culture. JMP. 2005; 2 (14) :1-6
URL: http://jmp.ir/article-1-703-en.html
Volume 2, Issue 14 (6-2005) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علمی پژوهشی گیاهان دارویی Journal of Medicinal Plants
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