year 21, Issue 84 (12-2022)                   J. Med. Plants 2022, 21(84): 87-99 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


1- Department of Medicinal Plants, Research and Technology Institute of Plant Production (RTIPP), Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran , saadatfar.amir@uk.ac.ir
2- Department of Nature Engineering and Medicinal Plants, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Torbat Heydarieh, Khorasan Razavi, Iran
Abstract:   (1076 Views)
Background: Satureja khuzestanica is an endemic medicinal plant that widely distributed in the northern Khuzestan and southern Lorestan provinces of Iran. Objective: In this study, simultaneous effects of methyl jasmonate (MeJA) and salinity on morpho-physiological parameters and minerals contents in S. khuzistanica were studied. Methods: Different salt levels (0, 3, 6 and 9 dS/m) were applied during growth period for one month. MeJA spraying at 0, 60 and 120 µM concentrations performed three times for one week. Samples were taken during flowering stage. Results: The results showed that MeJA × salt interaction had significant effects on all morpho-physiological and biochemical parameters of S. khuzestanica (P < 0.01). The highest stem length, root length, fresh and dry weights were observed at 60 and 120 µM MeJA without salt. The amounts of chlorophyll, N, P, K+, K+/Na+, Ca2+ and Mg2+ had significant reductions with increasing salt levels. The highest amounts of these parameters were observed at 60 µM MeJA without salt. There were significant enhancements in total phenol, antioxidant activity, proline, sugar and Na amounts with increasing salt levels. The highest content of total phenol and antioxidant activity was induced at 60 µM MeJA × 6 dS/m salt (2.22 and 50.23 %, respectively). The 9 dS/m salt treatment at 60 µM MeJA had the highest sugar (1.69 mg/g) and proline (0.29 mg/g) contents. Conclusion: Totally, 60µM MeJA concentration caused the best performance of savory under salt stress. Therefore, MeJA application can be helpful to alleviate negative effects of salt in S. khuzistanica.
Full-Text [PDF 504 kb]   (789 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Medicinal Plants
Received: 2022/09/9 | Accepted: 2022/11/5 | Published: 2022/12/1

References
1. Hossein Jafari S, Mosleh Arani A and Tarkesh Esfahani S. The combined effects of rhizobacteria and methyl jasmonate on rosmarinic acid production and gene expression profile in Origanum vulgare L. under salinity conditions. J. Plant Growth Regul. 2022. [DOI:10.1007/s00344-022-10632-2]
2. Ahmadi FI, Karimi K and Struik PC. Effect of exogenous application of methyl jasmonate on physiological and biochemical characteristics of Brassica napus L. cv. talaye under salinity stress. South Afric. J. Bot. 2018; 115: 5-11. [DOI:10.1016/j.sajb.2017.11.018]
3. Farsaraei S, Moghaddam M and Ghasemi Pirbalouti A. Changes in growth and essential oil composition of sweet basil in response of salinity stress and superabsorbents application. Scientia Horticulturae 2020; 271: 109465. [DOI:10.1016/j.scienta.2020.109465]
4. Bahonar A, Mehrafari A, Abdousi V, Radmanesh E, Moghadam AR, Naghdi Badi H. Quantitative and qualitative changes of Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) in response to mycorrhizal fungi (Glomus intraradices) inoculation under saline environments. J. Med. Plants 2018; 57(15): 25-37.
5. Khalil SE. Review: the effect of salt stress on some physiological and biochemical composition of some crops. Plant Archives 2020; 20(1): 3573-3585.
6. Krzyzanowska J, Czubacka A, Pecio L, Przybys M, Doroszewska T, Stochmal A and Oleszek W. The effects of jasmonate acid and methyl jasmonate on rosmarinic acid production in Mentha piperita cell suspension cultures. Plant Cell, Tiss. Organ Cult. 2011; 1-9. [DOI:10.1007/s11240-011-0014-8]
7. Khademian R, Ghorbani Nohooji M and Asghari B. Effect of jasmonic acid on physiological and phytochemical attributes and antioxidant enzymes activity in Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) under water deficient. J. Med. Plants 2019; 72(4): 122-134. [DOI:10.29252/jmp.4.72.122]
8. Chavoushi M, Manoochehri Kalantari Kh and Arvin MJ. Effect of salinity stress and exogenously applied methyl jasmonate on growth and physiological traits of two Carthamus tinctorius varieties. Intern. J. Horticul. Sci. Tech. 2019; 6(1): 39-49.
9. Khaleghnezhad V, Yousefi AR, Tavakoli A and Farajmand B. Interactive effects of abscisic acid and temperature on rosmarinic acid, total phenolic compounds, anthocyanin, carotenoid and flavonoid content of dragonhead (Dracocephalum moldavica L.). Scientia Horticulturae 2019; 250: 302-309. [DOI:10.1016/j.scienta.2019.02.057]
10. Eskandari M and Eskandari A. Effects of 28-homobrassinolide on growth, photosynthesis and essential oil content of Satureja khuzestanica. Intern. J. Plant Physiol. & Biochem 2013; 5(3): 36-41. [DOI:10.5897/IJPPB11.064]
11. Shariat A, Karimzadeh G and Assareh MH. Karyology of Iranian endemic Satureja (Lamiaceae) species. Cytologia 2013; 78(3): 305-312. [DOI:10.1508/cytologia.78.305]
12. Arnon AN. Method of extraction of chlorophyll in the plants. Agro. J. 1967; 23: 112-121.
13. Hellubust JA and Craigie JS. Handbook of Physiological and Biochemical Methods. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1978.
14. Bates LS, Waldern RP and Teave ID. Rapid determination of free proline for water stress studies. Plant Soil 1973; 39: 205-107. [DOI:10.1007/BF00018060]
15. Wagner GJ. Content and vacuole/extravacuole distribution of neutral sugars, free amino acids, and anthocyanin in protoplasts. Plant Physiol. 1979; 64(1): 88-93. [DOI:10.1104/pp.64.1.88]
16. Marinova D, Ribarova F and Atanasova M. Total phenolics and flavonoids in Bulgarian fruits and vegetables. J. Univers. Chem. Tech. & Metallurgy 2005; 40: 255-260.
17. Shimada K, Fujikawa K, Yahara K and Nakamura T. Antioxidative properties of xanthan on the autoxidation of soybean oil in cyclodextrin emulsion. J. Agri. Food Chem. 1992; 40(6): 945-948. [DOI:10.1021/jf00018a005]
18. Chapman HD and Part PF. Method of analysis for soils, plants and waters. University of California. Division of Agriculture Sciences 1961; 309.
19. Ryan J, Estefan G, Rashid A. Soil and plant analysis laboratory manual. ICARDA. 2007.
20. Khalvandi M, Amerian MR, Pirdashti HA, Keramati S and Hosseini J. Essential oil of peppermint in symbiotic relationship with Piriformospora indica and methyl jasmonate application under saline condition. Industrial Crops & Products 2019; 127: 195-202. [DOI:10.1016/j.indcrop.2018.10.072]
21. Farhangi-Abriz S, Tavasolee AR, Ghassemi-Golezani K, Torabian Sh, Monirifar H and Asadi Rahmani H. Growth-promoting bacteria and natural regulators mitigate salt toxicity and improve rapeseed plant performance. Protoplasma 2020; 257: 1035-1047. [DOI:10.1007/s00709-020-01493-1]
22. Sarabi V and Arjmand-Ghajur E. Exogenous plant growth regulators/plant growth promoting bacteria roles in mitigating water-deficit stress on chicory (Cichorium pumilum Jacq.) at a physiological level. Agri. Water Managment 2021; 245: 106439. [DOI:10.1016/j.agwat.2020.106439]
23. Afkar S and Sharifi M. Effect of foliar application with methyl jasmonate on physiological behavior of Mentha piperita. J. Med. Plants & By-products 2015; 4(2): 155-160.
24. Torabi M and Halim M. Variation of root and shoot growth and free proline accumulation in Iranian alfalfa ecotypes under salt stress. J. Food, Agri. Environ. 2010; 8 (3&4): 323-327.
25. Bohnert HJ, Nelson DE and Jensen RG. Adaptations to Environmental Stresses. The Plant Cell 1995; 7(7): 1099-1111. [DOI:10.2307/3870060]
26. Siddiqi KhS and Husen A. Plant response to jasmonates: current developments and their role in changing environment. Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019; 43: 153-164. [DOI:10.1186/s42269-019-0195-6]
27. Helaly AA, Dojima T and Craker LE. Effect of plant growth promoting bacteria on collard plants growth, yield production and nutritional compositions. 8th International Conference for Sustainable Agricultural Development held in Faculty of Agriculture. 2018; 5-7 March. Fayoum University, Egypt. 1-16.
28. Raghu K and Rao SRS. Effect of brassinosteroids on antioxidants content and radical scavenging activity of Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Miers ex Hook. F & Thoms. J. Med. Plants Stud. 2016; 4(5): 117-121.
29. Hasanuzzaman M, Borhannuddin Bhuyan MHM, Zulfiqar F, Raza A, Mohsin SM, Al Mahmud J, Fujita M and Fotopoulos V. Reactive oxygen species and antioxidant defense in plants under abiotic stress: revisiting the crucial role of a universal defense regulator. Antioxidants 2020; 9(8): 681, 1-52. [DOI:10.3390/antiox9080681]
30. Huang B, Duan Y, Yi B, Sun L, Lu B, Yu X, Sun H, Zhang H and Chen W. Characterization and expression profiling of cinnamate 4-hydroxylase gene from Salvia miltiorrhiza in rosmarinic acid biosynthesis pathway. Russian J. Plant Physiol. 2008; 55 (3): 390-399. [DOI:10.1134/S1021443708030163]
31. Konan YKF, Kouassi MK, Kouakou KL, Koffi EK, Kouassi KN, Sekou D, Kone M and Kouakou TH. Effect of methyl jasmonate on phytoalexins biosynthesis and induced disease resistance to Fusarium oxysporum F. Sp. Vasinfectum in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Inter. J. Agron. 2014; 2: 1-11. [DOI:10.1155/2014/806439]
32. Maksimovic I and Ilin Z. Effects of salinity on vegetable growth and nutrients uptake. P 169-190, In: Lee, T.S. (ed.), Irrigation systems and practices in challenging environments, IntechOpen, London, UK. 2012. [DOI:10.5772/29976]
33. Pessarakli M, Haghighi M and Sheibanirad A. Plant responses under environmental stress conditions. Advances Plants Agric. Res. 2015; 2(6): 276-286. [DOI:10.15406/apar.2015.02.00073]

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.