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:: Volume 1, Issue 69 (11-2018) ::
JMP 2018, 1(69): 16-33 Back to browse issues page
Review on Anatomical, Phytochemical and Pharmacological Properties of Peppermint (Mentha piperita L.)
M Seif sahandi 1, A Mehrafarin 1, F Khalighi-Sigaroodi 1, M Sharifi 2, H Naghdi badi * 1
1- Medicinal Plants Research Center, Institute of Medicinal Plants, ACECR, Karaj, Iran
2- Department of Plant Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (75 Views)
Peppermint (Mentha piperita L.) is native to Mediterranean region which cultivated for food, pharmaceutical, and perfumery uses in all over the world. The aerial part of peppermint contains essential oil, phenolic and flavonoid compounds, fatty acids, vitamins, minerals, and salicylic acid. Menthol is the most important constituents of peppermint oil which synthesized and accumulated in glandular trichomes on the leaf surface. Menthol creates a coolness sense in the mouth due to inhibition of the TRPM8 channel in the neurons. Clinical and experimental studies have demonstrated the peppermint effect on improving upper gastrointestinal disorders, irritable bowel syndrome, muscle spasm, and respiratory problems. It also has antioxidative, anticancer, anticoagulant, anti-allergic and anti-androgenic effects. Peppermint is a valuable herb in food, pharmaceutical, and cosmetic industries which needs further phytochemical and pharmacological studies. Therefore, this article reviews the anatomical, phytochemical and pharmacological properties of this plant.
 
Keywords: Mentha piperita, Anatomy, Glandular trichomes, Menthol, Pharmacology
Full-Text [PDF 640 kb]   (103 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Medicinal Plants
Received: 2018/11/21 | Accepted: 2018/11/21 | Published: 2018/11/21
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Seif sahandi M, Mehrafarin A, Khalighi-Sigaroodi F, Sharifi M, Naghdi badi H. Review on Anatomical, Phytochemical and Pharmacological Properties of Peppermint (Mentha piperita L.). JMP. 2018; 1 (69) :16-33
URL: http://jmp.ir/article-1-2356-en.html


Volume 1, Issue 69 (11-2018) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علمی پژوهشی گیاهان دارویی Journal of Medicinal Plants
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