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:: Volume 2, Issue 66 (6-2018) ::
JMP 2018, 2(66): 176-189 Back to browse issues page
Genomic and Phytochemical Assessment of Chavir (Ferulago angulate) under Different in vitro Conditions
L Shooshtari * 1, M Omidi 2, A Qaderi 3, AR Zare Karizi 4, A Mehrafarin 3
1- (Ph.D.) Department of Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran , L_shooshtary@yahoo.com
2- (Ph.D.) Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
3- (Ph.D.) Medicinal Plants Research Center, Institute of Medicinal Plants, ACECR, Karaj, Iran
4- (M.Sc.) Medicinal Plants Research Center, Institute of Medicinal Plants, ACECR, Karaj, Iran
Abstract:   (293 Views)
Background: Ferulago angulata (Known in Iran as Chavir) is an endangered species with Anti fugal and anti-bacterial activity that can act as a natural preservator.
Objective: Evaluation the effect of in vitro culture conditions and plant growth regulators on somaclonal variation and the phytochemical content of in vitro regenerated plants.
Methods: Induced calli were transferred to Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with 1-Naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) and 6-Benzylaminopurine (BAP) for regeneration stage. The essential oils were extracted by Clevenger apparatus and the yield and composition of essential oils were assayed by GC/Mass. Inter-Simple Sequence Repeat (ISSR), Start codon Targeted (SCoT) and CAAT Box Derived Polymorphism (CBDP) markers were used to assess somaclonal variation.
Results: The highest callus formation was obtained via radicle explant in MS medium supplemented with 2 mg/L 2,4-D and 1mg/L BAP. Maximum percentage of regeneration was occurred via derived calli from hypocotyl in MS medium supplemented with 0.1 mg/L BAP and 0.5 NAA. The phytochemical assay revealed a considerable differences between natural habitats and
in vitro regenerated plants. The percentage of
α-Pinene in plants derived from natural habitats and in vitro conditions were 27 and 1.53 respectively. The yield of essential oils were 2.26 and 0.64 (ml/100g D.M.) in natural habitats and in vitro regenerated plants respectively. The result of PCR assay indicated genetic variation between tissue cultured samples.
Conclusion: The results indicated that in vitro culture conditions had a considerable effect on genome and metabolome of Ferulago angulate.
Keywords: Ferulago angulata, Callus induction, Plant growth regulator, Somatic embryogenesis
Full-Text [PDF 418 kb]   (121 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Plant Breeding
Received: 2018/06/24 | Accepted: 2018/06/24 | Published: 2018/06/24
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Shooshtari L, Omidi M, Qaderi A, Zare Karizi A, Mehrafarin A. Genomic and Phytochemical Assessment of Chavir (Ferulago angulate) under Different in vitro Conditions. JMP. 2018; 2 (66) :176-189
URL: http://jmp.ir/article-1-2182-en.html


Volume 2, Issue 66 (6-2018) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علمی پژوهشی گیاهان دارویی Journal of Medicinal Plants
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