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:: Volume 4, Number 56 (12-2015) ::
JMP 2015, 4(56): 139-148 Back to browse issues page
Effects of Mycorrhizal Fungi on Quantitative and Qualitative Characteristics of Anise Plant (Pimpinella anisum( under Salt Stress
A Masoumi Zavarian1, M Yousefi Rad *2, M Asghari3
1- (M.Sc.)
2- (Ph.D.) , m.yousefirad@iau-saveh.ac.ir
3- M.Sc.
Abstract:   (3244 Views)

Background: Salinity is one of the most important factors limiting growth and crop production. Mycorrhizal fungi as a biological fertilizer provides food needs plants and can be useful in decrease the effects of environmental stresses on plants.

Objective: Improving quantitative and qualitative traits of anise plant using mycorrhizal fungi under salt stress.

Methods: This study was done in greenhouse of the research farm of the Islamic Azad University (Saveh branch) as factorial based on randomized complete blocks design. The first factor was mycorrhiza inoculation in three levels of non-inoculated, inoculated with Glomus intraradices strain and inoculation by Glomus mosseae strains and second factor was salinity in three levels control or non-saline water, salinity 50 Mm and 100 Mm.

Results: The salinity and mycorrhiza affected all studied traits (P<0.01). The interaction of salinity and mycorrhiza was significant on the number of seeds per plant, Essential oil percentage of seed and K concentration in leaves  (P<0.01), plant height, plant dry weight, number of umbels per plant, number of shed in the umbrella, number of seeds in the shed and sodium concentration in leaves (P< 0.05). Increasing soil salinity decreased all the studied traits, So that greatest damage was observed at 100 Mm salt. Of course salinity decreased sodium concentration of leaves. Also mycorrhizal inoculation improved all the studied traits in the saline and control condition than non inoculated plants.

Conclusion: The results showed that mycorrhizal inoculation with both strains improved plants growth and essential oil of anise in salinity conditions, and effect of Glomus mosseae strain was better on anise than Glomus interaradices strain.

Keywords: Anatole, Anise, Essential oil, Mycorrhiza, Potassium concentration of leaf, Salinity, Sodium concentration of leaf
Full-Text [PDF 587 kb]   (2145 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Agriculture
Received: 2016/02/14 | Accepted: 2016/02/14 | Published: 2016/02/14
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Masoumi Zavarian A, Yousefi Rad M, Asghari M. Effects of Mycorrhizal Fungi on Quantitative and Qualitative Characteristics of Anise Plant (Pimpinella anisum( under Salt Stress. JMP. 2015; 4 (56) :139-148
URL: http://jmp.ir/article-1-1233-en.html
Volume 4, Number 56 (12-2015) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علمی پژوهشی گیاهان دارویی Journal of Medicinal Plants
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